Most of us are unaware about this disease. You might be wondering what genital herpes is all about. So, let’s know more facts about genital herpes.
Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) which is caused by a kind of virus. The virus can be either herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or the type 2 virus (HSV-2). But it is proven in most of the cases that most of the Genital herpes cases are caused by the type-2 virus.
Any person suffering from the Genital herpes does not find symptoms in the initial stage. Signs may occur at a later stage and they can appear as blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. These blisters even break and leave tender ulcers and it may also take at least two to three weeks of time for this to be cured. There might also be a number of outbreaks but this decrease in due course of time. But Genital herpes does remain in the body for a certain indefinite period of time.
The genital herpes is very common in United States. This is based on a representative study and Nation wide, 16.2 % or about one in six people have genital type 2 infection. Most of them are aged in between 14 to 49 years of age. But it is also good to note that the percentage of Americans with Genital herpes has remained stable from the past few years. The Genital infection is more common in woman when compared to men. It is also said that the transmission from an infected male to a female partner is common than from a female partner to a male partner. Generally a person can get infected to Genital herpes only from another person who is already suffering from the same kind of type 2 infections.
There are ways in which Genital herpes can be diagnosed. But the genital herpes testing accuracy can vary greatly due to the various signs and symptoms which are associated with it. Health care providers diagnose Genital herpes by visual inspection if there is a typical outbreak. They also take a sample from the sores and test it in a laboratory. These infections can be diagnosed between outbreaks by conducting a blood test. Blood tests are quite helpful to detect the antibodies to the HSV 1 or HSV 2 infection but the results are not always up to the mark. So, it is quite evident that the diagnosis of Genital herpes is not as simple as it sounds.
There is also a question which is asked by many of them who doubt if they are suffering from this infection. They are often confused as to when and how to test for Genital herpes. The best answer for this kind of question is to know the signs and symptoms associated with the Genital herpes. If you find those symptoms, you can consult a physician who can further conduct diagnosis. Some of the signs and symptoms other than the outburst are a crop of sores and also the patient might have flu like symptoms. They might even suffer from fever and swollen glands. Most of them who have this infection never tend to experience any symptoms but have very minor signs which they might even neglect. It even happens many times that a person will get to know about this infection many years later, even though he is suffering from the infection and is in the first episode.
Do genital herpes itch? Yes of course. One of the major symptoms of genital herpes is itching itself. There is a lot of irritation in the areas where you have had sex. But if you scratch those areas it will cause more irritation and will lead to unpleasant pain.
The main difference in genital herpes diagnosis in men and women is the area which is being tested. There are different areas which are infected in men and women. The genital bumps on the regions of sex are one of the reasons why you need to be careful while having sex. If you have this infection and you are unaware, you might as well spread it to your partner without your knowledge. The best way to make sure that you do not have herpes is to have relations only with people you are confident do not have the disease.
Try and correctly use latex condoms to prevent the spreading of this infection to your partner, as this is highly contagious and is a sexually transmitted disease.
There is no treatment in particular for genital herpes. Most of the patients are advised to use antiviral medicines as they shorten and prevent outbreaks till the person is under medication. There are also daily therapies which are used to suppress the herpes out breaking and these are also helpful to reduce the transmission of the infection to the partners.
So, ones finds any of the symptoms related to Genital herpes it is always safe to consult a physician at once and get the tests done. This will help you as well your partner from an infection like Genital herpes.